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Plagiarism is committed when one author uses the work of another author without permission, without citation. It can take several forms, from literally copying to paraphrasing another work.

Verbatim copying

Verbatim copying is a reproduction of a work from word to word or in whole or in part without the consent, confirmation, citation of the original source. Verbatim copying is an obvious plagiarism and can be easily identified by comparing the works in question. If part of the adopted text is marked with "quotation marks" and is written in italics, it is stated that it is a citation of the original author, the part of the text used in this way is not considered plagiarism.

Copying the essence of the text

Copying the essence of the text reproduces a substantial part of the work without the consent and confirmation of the original source. If the main idea of a work is reproduced, its core, the work will be considered plagiarism, the extent of which is not important.


If an author creates a work by paraphrasing another author's original work while preserving the essence of the original work, we consider it a literal copy and plagiarism.

The publisher will check the plagiarism using If there are controversial points in the text, the editor will ask the author to rework the text. If the occurrence of suspicious parts in the article is large, the editor may discard the article. If, after the publication of an article in the proceedings, it is confirmed that parts of the text are plagiarized, the publisher will remove this article from the proceedings and state the text "Suspicion of plagiarism" instead of the original article.
The publisher does not take over the copyright, therefore the author is fully responsible for all possible legal proceedings.